Friday, 20 January 2017

Vintage Industrial sewing machine table set up - installation Guide

Photo by © Danny North
Photo © Danny North for Book of Denim by Code Magazine in ENDRIME studio

Since early 2010 - I have been slowly building up my vintage sewing machines in my London ENDRIME Denim studio. In fact i was the 1st person in London to have a working denim sampling / factory in June 2012 - and even helped establish Blackhorse Lane Ateliers, in 2016 as I was a founding member.

Below is a video Stylesight / WGSN did about my vintage machine obsession few years back in my ENDRIME London studio.


I collect old sewing machines, mostly Union Special machines from the 1930s and 1950 period. Most people think buying an old looking fabric is most of the work, but to really really understand how old production garments are made, you must know your machines

Its not to hard finding certain vintage sewing machines now - especially through blogs and many videos online including many I have made my self, educating many along the way with my own journey - Its been a pure privilege becoming a well known specialist in the subject, and I never get bored talking about vintage machines, and there relationship with being a better designer :

check out this Article i wrote for Heddels on the subject:

Many denim heads and denim shops are often asking me - "how to get certain machines... prices..." and most of the time, I point them towards a shop or a seller - but the popularity of certain machines and the romanticised nature, the allure of acquiring certain machines - the holy grail so to speak "to complete the set" has never stopped, and more and more people / designers are interested in the machines.
The 1st few vintage machines I found way back in early 2010 were a few Union Special machines, 39200 and a 43200g - I only got the machine heads - as i found importing sewing machines heads, was just easier like that. I Imported the machines in, then just handed the machines to a sewing machine shop ( and just hoped for the best )- They would take care of mounting the machine on a available old table or in some cases a new table - I didn't get to involved with the motor type - and was generally quite happy with the result - as they did all the hard work for me. But the more machines I acquired - the haphazard nature of different machines on different types of tables, sizes, different heights - I found, I said to my self - when things slowed down, I would spend some energy making each of the machines a uniform height - and if I could on the same type of table.

The more time I spent finding machines, I also got very interested in the cast iron tables legs too ( singer ones), and metal / cast iron thread / spool holders, but really only the really really old / early examples - did you know, the very early 1920's Union specials thread holders had curved tops ? - which look just amazing ! and so much more elegant - and just completed the machines overall appeal - slowly i decided I just could not put such a old beautiful machine with a horrible - plastic thread holder, and modern table anymore.

I have no problem with modern tables with old machines on top - but I just started looking for the right types of legs which might best fit my vintage machines - and it started like that.

Above ( Left )  is a modern table ( which looks really nice ) next to a old table ( Right ), with a union special 39200 overlocker - with a vintage thread holder - modern waste shoot and servo silent motor - it was a fun project.

Im not alone in this obsession, but for the last few years I have been spending the same amount of time and energy, hunting down as much as I could with a mixture of old and new accessories to compliment my machines.

Check out our many machine friends, who all have this same bug as me - but by far - Ben Viapiana has inspired many of us and taken it to another level with his old Bangkok setup, and soon to be newly established Toronto, Canada, set up :

Ive made it my mission last few years to fit as many machines in to my ENDRIME studio - so its meant cutting down table sizes, finding smaller tables legs etc.. but most importantly using modern silent servo motors...

Having now mounted well over 10 machines my self ( I have well over 20 vintage machines now) - I thought it would be nice to share a run down of what things you need, if you gonna mount a machine on a table your self with out the help of a sewing machine mechanic.

Its really not hard, your confident with a drill, you should be okay - but it can take time, buying all the things you need -

Tools you might need:

  1. A good Saw or Power Saw
  2. Screw drivers
  3. Power drill 
Heres what you need to consider to buy ( apart from the vintage machine):

  1. Sewing machine table legs
  2. Wood for table top and Bolts for wood
  3. Thread - cone / spool stand - depending on the machine - 2 ~ 6 holders
  4. 2 foot pedals - master and secondary
  5. Machine Light
  6. Pitman rod
  7. Castor wheels
  8. Silent Servo motor
  9. Chain and S hooks for secondary foot pedal ( often used for raising the foot ).
  10. Leather belt - for machine to motor and hooks

There's been a slow trend amongst many of my machine friends - a kind of unspoken rule - but all of us are doing it - "old machine table legs and cast iron thread / spool stands" - we all thrive for it.

Lets break it down step by step:

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

1. Sewing machine table legs

For me, I have a section of modern machines and vintage ones - I think its way cooler you try and find old machine legs for these older machines. Its easy finding old Singer legs - There are soooooo many on eBay - most have been converted to beautiful garden tables like below... 

Some are missing parts, like foot pedals or foot plate. ( as above ) but you can be adventurous, and stick 2 machines on 1 table - thats what I thought when i saw the one above.

When I was traveling round Asia, I found some genius modern tables - Below is a test table in a sewing machine shop - you can have 3 machines hook up to it in 1 go, plus its on wheels - just amazing... if only it came in black !

But, I made it my mission to try and repurpose, old singer legs - and try and have my machines looking uniform in my studio...

1st of all, it comes down to the type of sewing machine you gonna put on a old table - in most cases you need 2 foot pedals - and most old machines need a second pedal for the foot to be raised. Most Singer Treadle type legs - like below, only have 1 foot pedal...

So in most cases the above legs ( treadle type ) might not be suitable for a machine which need 2 pedals- The best bet is one of these below : (I came this this conclusion independently - but after seeing a few friends in japan who also have a vintage machine problem like me, it made sense to carry on my hunt) so again the best type of tables you need to hunt down are: 

A: Is the most sort after machine legs - hands down... they are super rare - These are perfect cast iron Singer machine legs as they are not so wide, but just the right width, they have extra space to move about in for your legs. The master foot pedal you can place anywhere you desire ( as it blots on ), and most importantly you can add - additional secondary foot pedals as theres a foot plate in place. These tables are strong and Heavy - about 15-18kg - There are a few different versions around, as Singer did do different heights on them, and even licensed the tables out to other companys- but all the tables look the same - most important thing is it must have foot plate - so you can add more foot pedals - if you see one, bag it with out delay.

B: This is another rare table - As it includes the second foot pedal in the table - ( super cool ) These tables are tiny - but cool if you manage to fit a motor, and a pitman rod around an already busy metal frame. Ive done a few conversations which this tiny table - works well.

It comes down to this, modern table legs vs vintage - now, I would pick vintage always - yes they might be heavier - and some cases smaller - but they look way cooler -

Below is out Buddy redcloud423 - He has been also hunting down the same table legs like me... and has done a fabulous job - refurbishing old machines.

Other great friends - like mgbakerco - have used super mini tables so they can fit as many machines in there studio - fantastic job !

Even our buddy oldtimeglory has the right idea - finding the rarest of rarest of singer tables, and putting his singer waistband machine on it - Great job dude !

Even our buddy  ooe yofukuten have got the same idea as us, and are using a old singer table for there union special 43200g

Notable mentions oldblueco -  with there impressive set up, using a mixture of vintage and modern tables.

2. Wood for table top and Bolts for wood

Generally - picking out the right wood surface is a personal thing - My personal favourite has to be Ben Viapiana again - not only did he, manage to fit all this machines in a small converted container, he did a beautiful job on every single machine. He made sure each of this table legs were the same, and made custom wood tops for each machine - a real inspiration ! -

Just as impressive is our buddy Navid Dastanai / billthebutchr - who has been fearless on his custom machine table builds - in recent cases, he has been putting 2 machines on a single table, with fantastic results.

Our buddy oldblackmachines - has the right idea - esp with the wood he has picked - and again - cut down to a small size for his set up - perfect !

Below is a example I have been doing - I have found 6 singer legs the past 2 months, so I have been making table tops for them all - so they are all the same. All i have to is stain / varnish them, then attach and aline vintage machine, and motor, and foot pedals... ( admit-tingly my wooden tops could be little more thicker - but these will do the job nicely once finished, as most of the vintage machines I have been buying will just sit / rest on top ) I am quite happy with the results so far.

3. Thread / Cone / spool stand - 


Most industrial sewing machines come with boring thread stands like above - which do one thing right - they keep out of the way when sewing - Modern factory safety regulations mean, most thread stands have the power lead coming out of them also... ( so keeping the wires away from the floor ) which is also cool - but these Vintage machines with these types of thread holders - sometimes look crap and often mess up the look.

Depending on the machine your installing - you will need 2 - 6 thread stands -
I spend a great deal of time hunting down these stands - and they are very hard to come by now - most were scrapped for metal during the WWII are after - but every now and then, you hit the jack pot. These often sell for over for $200 USD each - and more the holders more expensive the stand.

The above image im not 100% sure who this image belongs to - its either our friends ooe_yofukuten or our buddy matsuoka sewing machine .

There is something very elegant and stunning about vintage thread stands above - if you come across one of theses- make sure to pick it up ! When I was last in Bangkok, me and my friend Ben Viapiana found a vintage sewing machine shop with had loads of them, but the guy was not willing to sell to us at the time - sad - but its good to know, if you look hard enough- you can still find them...

4. Foot pedals - most machines need 2

okay - you might be thinking, why go to all the trouble, hunting down a vintage table - when i can just buy this:

6 / 7 years ago i would have said - yeah - just buy a new table - job done... This Juki table comes with 2 foot pedels already for you... but your machine will look way better in a older table set up. and with cool cast iron foot pedals...

There are many different types of vintage machines tables / legs - some you can use very easily, but some you might have to be inventive - The main thing you need to consider is to have a foot plate - so you can attach foot pedals -  below is a great example Ben Viapiana found in Canada - its a Singer machine, thats been transplanted to custom table frame, with the strangest ( but brilliant ) foot pedal.

Of course - there are many types of foot pedals you can attach on a sewing machine table - some really special ones -

As mentioned most old machines need a second foot pedal, so having the space, so your free to customise to have more pedals is important - again if you find a foot pedal you like - just buy it, as they are getting harder to come by.

check out daniel a skinner - this lucky dude found a spare Reece 101 foot pedal recently-

5. Machine Light 
Most denim designers / sewing specialist who set up machines - might not agree to this, but I personally prefer if you use a LED light - and one that does not need its own power supply. But takes power from the motor instead- This LED light is so easy to install - and they have a super strong magnet - so you can position the light in any direction you like on the machine and it also comes with a bendable neck... get one or a few - loads on ebay - just make sure its the one with the wires loose - and not with a plug.

6. Pitman rod

This rod connects the motor to the foot pedal. Most sewing machine motors come with Pitman Rod - but some don't - play it safe and get one extra - they also come in handy - esp when your adapting old machine legs - as you some times have to be adventurous when you using table not meant for your machine. 

7. Castor wheels

Machines are heavy - once you put a 15-20kg machine head on a 15-20kg cast iron table, with 5-8kg motor its super heavy, then there is foot pedals, thread stands... its endless - Most would not think about putting wheels on their machines - but I like to have them free and easy to move about - This is mainly as I like to change the layout for the studio time to time - ( change the order of the machines im using etc...) plus i always knew one day i would move into a bigger space so I am thinking ahead.

The above image, I found the rarest of rare - singer table, the particular table I think is best.  I found it easier attaching castor wheels to wood before ( which i will paint black later ) - then attached it to the table - I have 9 of these tables now - so all will be the same height once finished.   

If you notice, even our buddy kamo1979 - has attached castor wheels to his vintage machine set up - using a similar 1940's Singer cast iron frame - and he has cut / chopped his wooden top of the table down - so used the minimal amount, smart dude. 

8. Silent Servo Motor

One of the 1st memory's I have as a child, is play under my mums sewing machine, and hearing the "hum" sound from her Brother Clutch lock stitch machine - This was about 1984 - 1985ish

Now, sewing machine motors have become lighter and cheaper to make - Most Industrial machines will still come with Clutch motors - and often weigh as much as the machine. You can request loads of extras now, (like buying a car) - things like; thread cutters, and needle positions aids can be added for very little extra. but I would stick to just a plan Servo for now. The only down side is most Servo motors are like computers - so some reading might be needed if you have to change the direction of the motor for example - but these are simple fixes. 

When i started buying vintage machines - i was advised very early to use Servo motors only - I have been told there alot more safer to use and better for the vintage machine - as they use less pressure - so will not wear out your already antique machine, not 100% sure if thats true, but makes sense.    

Silent Servo motors are universal, and perfect for most industrial sewing machines, being single phase with a 3 pin plug, it is suitable for both home use and industrial use. Their speed is adjustable, and energy saving - there no "hum" on this motor - These motors are perfect for straight stitch machines where adjusting speed is priority, and walking foot machines.

9. Chain and S hooks for secondary foot pedal ( often used for raising the foot )

It would be surprising the amount of time, ive spent looking for the right chain and size of S hooks - but once you find the right one, buy many - so its looks consistent with your many machines. You will often need these for the secondary foot pedal -

10. Leather belt - for machine to motor

Most modern industrial sewing machines, when you buy the machine, it comes with a motor, which also comes with a belt - Nice and easy - a package deal - These belts are about 3/8" across - and come in various sizes -  handy... see below.

But... old 1930s singers, 1930s-40s union special machines etc..- there belt sizes ( or widths) are 3/16" or 5/16" - slightly thinner then modern 3/8" thickness - Also there more variables that effect the size of belt you need; you might get a modern motor - or your wood for the table top, you have used might be super thick, or your motor might be not directly under the machine, so you might need a longer belt. Getting a belt in your size might not be possible, as they come in set sizes, you might have to order it - as waste time - The solution is easy - buy some old singer treadle belt cord - see below:

I prefer to just buy the old leather treadle belts - and cut them down to size - Ive come a cross 2 different types of belt widths - 3/16" ( 5mm ) and 5/16" ( 8mm ) - make sure to get the hooks as well -

Another good example - why it might be best to just buy on the roll - you might raise your machine higher - take fielddenim below - he has raised his union special waistband machine - situations like this - having you own custom belt size helps.

On conclusion

I hope this 101 guide will help some one, who wants to attempt to put a sewing machine on a table - 

You might not 100% agree with some of my points, mixing old with new - But i really do believe recycling old tables - and re-purposing them to be machines again is only a good thing, plus it adds value to your already expensive purchase - But theres fun about finding a table and old machine parts - which in most cases - were heading for scrap metal - and making use of them again.

Heres our buddy paleodenim - who had adapted his button / kick press on a cast iron sewing machine stand, and added his coller turn to boot - just superb.

Friday, 28 February 2014


Here at ENDRIME we are busy finishing our selling period of our AW14 collection - Busy finishing designing SS15, and just about to update ENDRIME Website with SS14 -  NON stop here -
Check out our SS14 Lookbook below - Most styles will be available on ENDRIME.COM in early March 2014  

SHITDENIM 2 Year Anniversary

I run a few other blogs - one of the more popular blogs is
Its now coming up to the 2nd Anniversary of this blog, which has many followers, and quite well respected in the denim Industry.

I was recently asked a question a few weeks back: "Can you explain the reasoning for naming your blog this?"

Its quite funny, I've never written down the concept behide it, I do tell it to a few people who ask, but i thought it would be nice to share. here my answer:

"I've been a denim designer for 12/13 years now. About 2 years ago near the final months while i was working at DKNY JEANS. i was discussing with a Colleague, the topic of the amount of research we had collected over 3 years in the role. 

Most designers don't like to show where they get there ideas from, or where they get Influenced. I'm the complete opposite. I like to share everything and show the process. And educate. That day i righted clicked a folder i had which i collected images and videos from denim factorys and ref samples. It was well over 40,000 images. And few hundred videos- most of these were images i had used for inspiration for presentations across 6 seasons - and would not be using anytime soon. (just 3 years worth). I joked that most designers would just put them on a hard drive and forget about them. 

Then I joked I should upload all the 'shit denim' I was no longer using. Kinda release really. 
I believe - its important to let go of ideas, ( esp ones I'm not using) this way it leaves more room for me to think... Plus I know it could help other denim designers.  

That day, I bought then got the tumblr / twitter name. By the evening I had uploaded about 200 pictures on 90% were my own.  With in 2 weeks I had over 100,000 pages views, highsnobiety had featured me as top 5 tumblrs... Not bad for few hours work. 

It was funny. As now there are many denim blog sites... My rule was to always credit if it was not my image, and For the last few years I just use my Original Content and try not to blog others people stuff too much. There's still loads I want to upload ESP from my many Japan trips round kojima etc.. But I really like to show as many denim videos as possible as i wanted it to become a denim Resource Destination... "

Wednesday, 6 March 2013

ENDRIME Fall 13 Preview

Since coming back to London in June 2012, and setting up my Denim workshop in East London, things have been non stop... I went on a Massive Denim Pilgrimage in September 2012- starting in China, and ending up in Kojima Japan. I hope to post up details on my trip, in Mohsin Special Blog in coming months. ( i took over 5000 pictures and 200 videos) High lights were visiting KAPITAL, JOHNBULL and factories and meeting the Shiotoni brothers of Japan.. (WAREHOUSE) 

Todays post, is well over due. For the past 9 months, I have been hard at work Developing my own brand: ENDRIME.  

Ergonomic tailoring and pattern cutting and modern clean construction’s lay at the heart of ENDRIME. Constant battle / balance of clean and complicated design. I always enjoyed complicated pattern cutting. I hate copying other brands – and it’s a waste of talent. True design is moving things forward. There are way too many Levi's Clone brands, all doing the same thing...

My aim was to design a concept collection which would be made exploring modern and lost constructions methods and combining research in uncharted areas in Denim Design. I dislike cheap methods of production esp using overlocking machines. There are better / clever ways to finish a garment, since the 1950s. I also believe that the inside of the garment is just as important as the outside.

Im excited to see how ENDRIME grows in the coming years ahead.  Please enjoy the Preview AW13 Look book... 

Friday, 29 June 2012

Continuous Fly by David Neustadter

© Ooe Yofukuten - Continuous Fly

Designing Jeans, is something I've been lucky to enjoy these past 10 years, but theres a detail that seems to be bring joy to a small minority ( including me) and its a inner battle within the denim community and its regarding flys Construction methods. 

Most designers will have not probably notice or even seen a "Continuous Fly" before, and for sure some would even say: "whats the point?"

The Continuous Fly was invented by David Neustadter and he was able to patent his design on 30th October, 1877. But its widely believed that this detail was used by Neustadter Brothers as early as 1875 on their 1st work pant -  The Neustadter Brothers in San Francisco manufactured the "Boss of the Road" overalls as early as late 1850's. 

Above: David Neustadter's Patent for is Continuous Fly

Its amazing as Neustadter's Patent clearly outlines his reason for inventing the detail, and its a joy to read even today: 

"My invention relates to a certain improvement in overalls and pantaloons, having for its object to STRENGTHEN the garment at the point where the inner seams meet, where the greatest strain is received, and at the same time to SIMPLIFY the construction and cost of manufacture. To this end my invention consists in making the "fly" or facing of the sides of the front of the garment in one continuous strip or piece..."

Above: Boss of the Road Patch "with patented Continuous fly" - 
Credit to: Henry Wong of

It seems strange to me, a detail which clearly STRENGTHEN's and SIMPLIFY's is missing from modern denim of today. But to be honest its no surprise. Most good functional details get watered down in time, and lost. As a manufacturer of Denim myself, i can see to speed up production it was left out, but this detail should have remained in my books. 

For me a very small number of Denim and Fashion brands uses this detail, they are clearly on the VERY top of their game and are (in my books), True Denim / workwear Specialist -

Notable brands Like: Ooe Yofukuten, DENHAM, Warehouse / Duck Digger, Rising Sun & Co, Hellers Cafe, and notable high end fashion designer Carol Christain Poell all use Continuous Fly across there top spec garments. I shall too when i release my own brand.

Above © CAROL CHRISTIAN POELL - 1 piece Selvage Continuous Fly
The Allure of this detail, also makes its all nice a neat and clean on the inside. Esp if you don't want horrible over locking. Its defiantly a standard. Ive also seen Continuous Fly on many modern military  garments to date, which is nice to see ! esp as they seem to think its still a good standard detail to use even to this day. 

Below is another example of a Continuous Fly, this time on a vintage Chino sample from my Archive.

Lots of denim companys say there Premium, but i say 'pah' to the word Premium. It seems easy now to get selvage, and selvage from good suppliers, even have concealed rivets, even hemmed on Union Specials, but how many so called Premium Jeans Companies have Continuous Fly's... ?

Monday, 12 March 2012

SINGER 114w103 - Chainstitch Embroidery Machine

The love affair with chain stitching is somewhat eclipsed if you have one of these. The Singer 114w103 is the first chainstitch machine Singer made, starting around 1911. It was 1st used in a treadle table and often called a “Cornely Type”, modeled after Cornely of France’s design that went into production in 1865.

These single needle chain-stitch machines were used to stitch names onto garments, workshirts, handkerchiefs etc...  Now most embroideries are done on modern computerised machines, but there something quite amazing using the freehand crank below the machine, while directing your embroidery above, and controlling the speed with your feet.

Roy Slaper of "ROY" has one of these machines, which he, by hand chain stitches the shop / or often his own name in the jean on the pocket bag. check out a video of him using this amazing machine on his selvage duck pants for Self Edge...

Pocket Highway © Roy Slaper

1st 2 images © Grain & Gram - Roy Slaper on his Singer 114w103 
 © Roy Slaper / SELF EDGE
© Roy Slaper

Finding one has been tricky, they sometimes pop up on ebay, and sell for 300-500USD but theres a guy in japan who re-conditions them, stripes them down, re paints them... and even makes custom boxes for them, ( so you can have the hand crank on top of the main table) and so they can fit on any modern table, with out much modification.. I personally like them with the paint coming off.  This will be the next machine i invest in for sure.

Below are some more images of this special machine.....
Above image © The West is Dead - (much respect !)